Let a child be!

The EmbryLife Center offers a whole range of services for diagnostics and treatment of both female and male infertility. Our specialists use American IVF technology: we work according to guidelines that have shown proven results in thousands of US patients. This technology has implicit excellent laboratory equipment capabilities, in strict compliance with ASRM (American Society for Reproductive Medicine) and ESHRE (European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology) requirements.

EmbryLife is the only clinic in Russia that has been accredited by the American Association of Embryologists.

(812) 327-50-50

35 Sadovaya St., St. Petersburg, Russia

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Male diagnostics


In order for a couple to have a healthy child, examination of both partners is necessary. Contrary to popular opinion, in 45% of the cases, the lack of a desired pregnancy is caused by male problems. Note that we are not talking not about a man’s fault, but about his health problems. Anyway, the EmbryLife Family Planning and Reproduction Center will help you become parents fast using high-precision reproductive technologies.

Male infertility diagnostics

Male infertility diagnostics

As a result of tests and comparison of parameters, the physician may either exclude the diagnosis “Male infertility,” or establish one of the diagnoses preventing pregnancy. Currently, artificial fertilization and its options, i.e., assisted reproductive technology-based methods (IVF + ICSI, surgical methods of sperm retrieval, etc.) are efficient treatment methods for many forms of male infertility.

The male examination begins with:

  • Advice by a urologist/andrologist
  • Sperm analysis

According to the indications, the following procedures are prescribed to a man:

  • U/S. This examination is used to exclude pathology of the testes, epididymides and prostate
  • Testing for sexually transmitted infections (PCR, PCR-real time, culture method, etc.)
  • Urinalysis
  • Hormonal testing. The analysis is aimed at detecting deviations in the number of sex hormones responsible for the reproductive function. Once correct hormone therapy is prescribed, it is sometimes possible to normalize some of the sperm levels.
  • Genetic testing

Male infertility classification

According to current classification, male infertility is first of all subdivided into:

  • primary (congenital) male infertility, such as cryptorchidism or pseudocryptorchidism
  • secondary (acquired) male infertility

The most frequent case of male infertility

The most frequent cause of male infertility is abnormal sperm quality and/or abnormal sperm release from the body. Such abnormalities may develop as a result of:

  • Prior diseases and medication (e.g., mumps, viral parotitis)
  • Surgical interventions and injuries
  • Lower quality of life (stress, alcohol, smoking, etc.)
  • Hereditary factors

Specifics of the sperm analysis procedure and interpretation in the EmbryLife Center:

  • A sperm analysis is generally conducted according to WHO standards. However, we only use the sperm parameters proposed by the World Health Organization as approximate figures. When determining the male ejaculate sperm parameters, our laboratory applies correction for a region, nationality and other specific features, which enables establishment of individual and valid standards for a patient.
  • A MAR-test is conducted (test for antisperm antibodies to exclude the immune factor of infertility)
  • Strict Kruger morphology testing is conducted (assessment of the spermatozoon ability to penetrate in the egg).
  • The instrumental sperm analysis is always repeated by an investigator.
  • The ejaculate analysis is one of the most subjective laboratory tests, and its result, a spermogram, depends to a great degree on a physician’s qualification. Therefore, in our Clinic the test is conducted by highly-qualified physicians.
  • The semen analysis is conducted in an especially equipped laboratory. A special container may be provided for those who prefer to collect the sample at home.

 

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